Brain health and ageing – how are they related?

This article originally published on Sixty and ME

The brain is a fascinating and mysterious part of the human anatomy. There is still much we don’t know about how the brain functions in its many varied ways. We lose brain cells as we age, and the dilemma of dementia and Alzheimer’s is increasing, worldwide.

Research is of paramount importance in finding the causes of deteriorating cognitive functioning. In the meantime, we can help our brain maintain good health as we age.

Important Brain Facts

Did you know that:

Dementia is the second leading cause of death in Australia.

Females account for 64.5% of all dementia related deaths.

3 in 10 people over the age of 85 and almost 1 in 10 people over the age of 65 have dementia.

Unique Aspects of the brain and Their Functions

No other organ is as diverse as the brain. This single part of the body maintains our:

  • Cognitive function – memory, thinking and learning.
    • Motor function – balance, control of movement.
    • Emotional function – negative and positive emotional responses or reactions.
    • Tactile function – response to touch, pressure, pain and temperature.

    Many medical conditions and lifestyle factors can affect brain health. You can help prevent or delay cognitive decline by choosing a healthy lifestyle.

    Below are 3 of my favourite ways to ensure my clients get a well-rounded brain workout.

    Looking After Your Physical Health

    Consistent and regular physical activity is the key to overall health and learning new skills via physical activity can give your brain an enormous boost.

    • Throw and catch a ball.
    • Juggle.
    • Catch a pool noodle or ruler as fast as you can.
    • Take stairs or walk over uneven ground (if able).
    • Play bowls, golf, mini golf, bocce, quoits, croquet (if able).
    • Try arts and crafts projects.

    All these exercises use your cognitive ability, motor function, tactile function and are great at creating new neuronal pathways and good blood flow to the brain. This helps protect against cognitive degeneration.

    Looking After Your Mind

    Play games like crosswords, sudoku, jigsaw puzzles, etc. Choose card games, chess, charades or other similar activities to play with friends.

    Try This Fun Group Game

    Form a circle. Think of an adjective that starts with the first letter of your name, like daring Diana. Don’t reveal your name and adjective yet. Nominate a person to start. Diana’s chosen. She says to the person on her left, daring Diana. They say their name and adjective, Joking Joe, then adds daring Diana.

    The game encourages memory and brain plasticity along with lots of laughs! Tip: Mix it up by adding movement. Stepping forward and back or side to side whilst remembering the names, adds an extra layer of toughness!

    Social and Mental Health Care

    We often neglect our emotional states. Making time for social connections is very important for good brain health. According to research, loneliness can be as unhealthy as smoking 15 cigarettes a day!

    Find a hobby or interest and join a group. Arts and crafts, walking groups, dancing groups, Senior citizen’s club or bingo/other.

    ‘Meetup’ is beginning to organize in-person meets again. They provide many group events, activities and zoom get-togethers.

    You can also phone a friend or relative once a week or meet for a chat over coffee or a meal.

    The above suggested pursuits touch on different aspects and areas of brain function. Some activities suit physical, mental and emotional brain functions. There’s something to suit everyone’s taste, lifestyle and fitness level. Introduce brain health activities into your daily routine and enjoy better cognitive function as you age.

    What brain stimulating activities are you ready to try? Do you already have brain health as part of your daily routine? Which activities work best for you? What benefits have you noticed? Please share below!

    If you would like to learn more about women’s health and wellbeing, feel free to join Rachelle’s online community.

    Rachelle is the founder of MEE Active where she helps people step off the sidelines of life and into movement that matters. A certified Female Health and Performance coach, as well as movement and rehabilitation specialist, she enjoys teaching women about the connection between their mind and body. Find her at